Postclassic maya

The end of the Terminal Classic Period has been viewed as the death knell for the Maya civilization, and the Postclassic Period has traditionally been described as a militaristic, decadent, and degenerate phase in Maya history. But more enlightened views would see that the militarism was part and parcel with other features that suggest a tendency towards secularism and the resultant downplaying of the ceremonial rituals that dominated the Classic Period Abstract. relative time period: Follows the Classic Maya tradition, precedes the historic period.This is the period after the major changes in the Lowland Maya area dated a.d. 700-850 until the time of Spanish contact.Postclassic-like patterns persisted well into the colonial period The history of Maya civilization is divided into three principal periods: the Preclassic, Classic, and Postclassic periods. These were preceded by the Archaic Period, during which the first settled villages and early developments in agriculture emerged. Modern scholars regard these periods as arbitrary divisions of Maya chronology, rather than indicative of cultural evolution or decline The Postclassic period at Mayapán, a successor capital in northern Yucatán (fig. 12.1) that was unrivaled in size and power, presents an opportunity to examine how Maya society was transformed.

Postclassic Period MESOAMERICAN Research Cente

The final period of pre-Columbian Meso-American history is referred to as the Postclassic. Its beginning is usually placed at 900, and it terminates with the arrival of the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1519 or with his conquest Postclassic Maya Huipil (ii) May 16, 2015 - This is the tenth and last of the female fashion pieces for the Postclassic Maya of the Yucatán. She wears a much more simplified huipil After 900 A.D., the Maya still existed: certain Maya cities in the Yucatán, such as Chichen Itza and Mayapan, thrived during the Postclassic era. The descendants of the Maya still used the writing system, the calendar and other vestiges of the peak of Maya culture: the four surviving Maya codices are thought to have all been created during the postclassic era

Postclassic Maya SpringerLin

  1. ate the old year and begin anew by establishing a tree to mark the trees set up in the four quadrants at the creation of the present world, as documented in the prehispanic Maya codices and the.
  2. The period after the second collapse of the Maya Empire (900 CE-1600 CE) is called the Postclassic period. The center of power shifted from the central lowlands to the northern peninsula as populations most likely searched for reliable water resources, along with greater social stability
  3. The Postclassic is a period also in which historical traditions combine with archaeological data, whereas the Classic either lacks a written history or, in the case of the lowland Maya, provides little more than cryptic biographies of kings
  4. In this article, we consider how the Postclassic Kowoj Maya of the central Peten lakes region of El Petén, Guatemala utilized mana in conjunction with their ritual objects and spolia to mediate between the natural and supernatural worlds. In many cultures worldwide and throughout time, mana (magical or spiritual powers that provide people and.
  5. In actuality, the period that was to follow - known as the Postclassic, was simply a transformation into a different era that actually saw many new things for the Maya. Far from a cultural decline, they were setting course for a new era the likes of which Mesoamerica hadn't seen before
  6. Aug 17, 2020 - The Maya Postclassic period = 950 AD - 1539 AD The Maya Postclassic period Is divided into two divisions . Early Postclassic = AD 950 - AD 1200 Late Postclassic = AD 1200 - AD 1539 . See more ideas about maya, mayan culture, mayan ruins

Maya civilization - Wikipedi

Postclassic Period (900 A.D. - 1500 A.D.) (based on information from the Belize Postclassic Project). Traditional archaeological thought characterizes the end of the Classic Period as the beginning of the end for the Maya civilization, and the Postclassic has traditionally been described as a militaristic, decadent, and degenerate phase in Maya history Maya culture continued: all four of the surviving Maya codices were produced during the Postclassic period. The Spanish Conquest (ca. 1546) By the time the Aztec Empire rose in Central Mexico, the Maya were rebuilding their civilization

(PDF) Postclassic Maya society regenerated at Mayapá

  1. This paper presents archeological evidence for animal use at Mayapán, the largest capital city of the Postclassic period Maya lowlands. The most commonly consumed species were white-tailed deer, turkey, and iguana, and other important but les
  2. Postclassic Mesoamerica (900-1500 c.e.) encompassed four principal geographic regions: the Maya zones to the south and east; the central highlands, centered on the Basin of Mexico; the Zapotecs of the Oaxaca Valley; and the Mixtec polities in the region north and west of Oaxaca.Sometimes called The Time of Troubles, the Postclassic period in these regions was characterized by several.
  3. The Preclassic, also known in greater Mesoamerica as the Formative, has been divided into three logical time periods, the Early, Middle and Late. The earliest Maya came into the Belize and adjacent tropical lowland areas as farmers before 2000 BC, but did not appear in the archaeological record for nearly a millennium
  4. a. The Maya area was conquered by Central Mexican peoples b. The two styles were contemporary and may represent the sharing of power during the Postclassic c. Postclassic Maya sites were actually constructed by Central Mexican colonists d. Central Mexican architectural style actually originated in the Maya are
  5. The Project. The goal of this project is to investigate socioeconomic (and thereby sociopolitical) relations in the Late Postclassic (post A.D. 1200) Maya lowlands through stylistic and technical analyses of two widespread ceramic categories that were excavated from ritual contexts: red-slipped pottery (redwares) and incense burners (incensarios)

The Preclassic period is the first of three periods in Mayan history, coming before the Classic and Postclassic periods. It extended from the emergence of the first settlements sometime between 2000 and 1500 BCE until 250 CE The lack of Postclassic resettlement of the southern/central Maya lowlands is not due to the total disappearance of Maya civilization. Even in the Petén, smaller populations lingered at aquatic hubs such as the lakes region to the south of Tikal until long after Spanish arrival ( 12 )

Postclassic Mayan Art, Mexico - Travel Photos by Galen R

During the Postclassic Mayan Period, between approximately 800 and 1000 A.D., the center of Mayan urban development shifted to the northern Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Here a series of notable cities such as Uxmal, located in the Puuc Hills near modern-day Mérida, arose. The Yucatán cities of the Postclassic period had large central cores containin The Postclassic Mesoamerican World The Postclassic Mesoamerican World, The Managed Mosaic, Ancient Maya Agriculture and Resource Use, Gardens of Prehistory, The archaeology of Settlement Agriculture in Greater Mesoamerica Agriculture and Residential Site Stru cture among Campesinos in Southern Mexico: A Foundation for Archaeological Inference. Postclassic Period Maya Village Discovered in Mexico. Share. Tuesday, April 28, 2020. QUINTANA ROO, MEXICO—According to a Mexico News Daily report, researchers from Mexico's National Institute. The Postclassic At Chichen Itza. By the end of the tenth century AD the destiny of the once proud and independent Maya has, at least in the northern Yucatan, fallen into the hands of grim warriors from the highlands of central Mexico, where a new order of men had replaced the supposedly more intellectual ruler of Classic times Postclassic Maya site structure at Topoxte, El Peten, Guatemala 1985: Linclon, Charles E. The chronology of Chichen Itza: a review of the literature 1986: Loten, H. Stanley. Lamanai Postclassic 1985: Miller, Arthur G. The Postclassic sequence of Tancah and Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico.

Postclassic Maya Research Papers - Academia

Mayapan was an important Postclassic city in the northern Yucatán Peninsula. Mayapan was abandoned around 1448, after a period of political, social and environmental turbulence that in many ways echoes the Classic period collapse in the southern Maya region Postclassic Maya civilization. Posted on April 19, 2017 by ACW. Postclassic Maya civilization. Rate this post. Leave a comment. Post navigation « Ancient Maya Civilization. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Comment. Name * Email This is an abstract from the Animal Symbolism in Postclassic Mesoamerica: Papers in Honor of Cecelia Klein session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. At the Postclassic Maya city of Chichen Itza, buildings, planned spaces, and imagery blend with the landscape to form meta-narratives

(PDF) Animal use at the Postclassic Maya center of Mayapá

  1. The Maya were practicing writing, mathematics and calendrics. Maya art of the era include stone carvings and painted murals as well as fine ceramics and jewelry. Trade, agriculture, population and territories all expanded. At times chiefdoms warred with chiefdoms. Monumental public works in the major late pre-classic cities included pyramids.
  2. Maya, Early Postclassic (A.D. 900-1150) Pedestal vase. Plumbate Pottery. Dimensions: H 19 cm x D 11 cm (NX) This vase is a classic example of Tohil Plumbate, a type of pottery that originated in southwestern Guatemala during the Early Postclassic period (AD 900-1150). Plumbate is the only Prehispanic pottery in the Americas to have a true glaze
  3. The Maya area was conquered by Central Mexican peoples b. The two styles were contemporary and may represent the sharing of power during the Postclassic c. Postclassic Maya sites were actually constructed by Central Mexican colonist
  4. Postclassic Maya (Other Keyword) 1-7 (7 Records) Censer fragmentation and life history: rural domestic settlement enchainment and accumulation activities and the Classic-Postclassic transition of the Petén Lakes region, Guatemala

Mesoamerican chronology - Wikipedi

Mayapán, the largest political capital of the Late Postclassic period in the Maya area, was founded during the 12th century A.D. and was abandoned by A.D. 1441-1461, only decades before the arrival of the Spanish in the early 1500s ( Peraza Lope et al., 2006 ) Postclassic Maya lithic assemblage from the site of Laguna de On, Belize, including metrics, raw materials, and modifications. My own first study of the lithics of Laguna de On as part of my doctoral dissertation (Masson 1991) was based on a small sample of tools. Subsequent excavation seasons during 1996-1997 resulted in a much larger sample These two categories of pottery were selected because they are found throughout the northern and southern Maya lowlands in the Late Postclassic and Colonial periods (A.D. 1200—1700) and because they are most commonly associated with Postclassic rituals (i.e. New Year ceremonies) and sociopolitical identity

Video: Postclassic Period Mesoamerican history Britannic

Postclassic Maya states also continued to survive in the southern highlands. One of the Maya nations in this area, the K'iche' Kingdom of Q'umarkaj, is responsible for the best-known Maya work of historiography and mythology, the Popol Vuh Postclassic Maya of Yucatan. May 18, 2017 - Continuing my series on Mesoamerican fashion. This is the second to last of the Yucatan set for females. I still need to do the male outfits of this reg... Postclassic Maya of Yucatan. Explore. Art. Aztec Art. Saved.

Postclassic Maya Huipil (ii) Aztec culture, Mesoamerican

Postclassic Maya Settlement on the Rural Urban Fringe of Mayapán, Yucatán, Mexico (2008) abstract This dissertation details the results of a multi-year (2001-2004) study of settlement patterning on the periphery of the Postclassic Maya capital of Mayapán, Yucatán, Mexico (regional map). Ethnohistori PARK Y CHUNG / IDENTIFICATION OF POSTCLASSIC MAYA CONSTELLATIONS 33 IDENTIFICATION OF POSTCLASSIC MAYA CONSTELLATIONS FROM THE VENUS PAGES OF THE DRESDEN CODEX CHANGBOM PARK School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul, Korea HEAJOO CHUNG Institute of Iberoamerican Studies, Pusan University of Foreign Studies, Busan, Kore Vail, Gabrielle, and Hernández, Christine 2013 Re-Creating Primordial Time: Foundation Rituals and Mythology in the Postclassic Maya Codices. University Press of Colorado , Boulder . Villa Rojas , Alfonso 1969 The Mayas of Yucatan

Ancient Maya Civilization Classic Era - ThoughtC

The archaeology of the Late Postclassic lowland Maya (ca. A.D. 1200-1517) is summarized and reviewed. The history of past research is outlined, and investigations on topics of major scholarly concern are discussed. The current data allow us to present an approximate reconstruction of the events and processes that characterize the period, although the information on many areas and topics is. Artículos . Identification of Postclassic Maya Constellations from the Venus Pages of the Dresden Codex. Changbom Park* y Heajoo Chung** * School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul, Korea. cbp@kias.re.kr ** Institute of Iberoamerican Studies, Pusan University of Foreign Studies, Busan, Korea. pztintin@puf.ac.kr Recepción: 13 de agosto de 2007

May 15, 2017 - DeviantArt is the world's largest online social community for artists and art enthusiasts, allowing people to connect through the creation and sharing of art The Yucatán Maya rise up against the Mexican government, rebelling against the miserable conditions and cruelty they have suffered at the hands of the whites. The rebellion is so successful that the Maya almost manage to take over the entire peninsula in what has become known as the War of the Castes. 185 Allen J. Christenson, in his translation of the Popul Vuh (Postclassic Maya Book of Council), defines a merismus as the expression of a broad concept by a pair of complementary elements which are narrower in meaning. He gives some examples: 'Sky-earth' refers to creation as a whole

World renewal rituals among the Postclassic Yucatec Maya

Postclassic/Historic periods, which span the years 1350-1650 AD. Two dramatic cultural phenomena frame the tem-poral representation of this material: (1) the Classic period collapse, which occurred at many heartland sites before the sampled periods, and (2) the Spanish conquest, which ultimately affected all Maya sites. Both of these phenom 1500 BC - The Olmec civilization develops, the Maya will take on much of their culture. 1000 BC - The Maya begin to form larger settlements at places like Copan and Chalchuapa. 700 BC - Mayan writing first starts to develop. 600 BC - Large buildings are built in the city of El Mirador. 600 BC - The Maya begin to farm The archaeology of the Late Postclassic lowland Maya (ca. A.D. 1200-1517) is summarized and reviewed. The history of past research is outlined, and investigations on topics of major scholarly concern are discussed. The current data allow us to present an approximate reconstruction of the events and pr Feb 6, 2016 - DeviantArt is the world's largest online social community for artists and art enthusiasts, allowing people to connect through the creation and sharing of art Ancient Maya canoe navigation McKillop the Postclassic society focused in the north-ern Maya lowlands. The only direct evidence of canoe travel is the Late Classic wooden canoe paddle from the K'ak' Naab' saltwork in southern Belize (McKillop 2005a). However, vari-ous other lines of evidence indicate endur

Postclassic Maya Site Structure at Topoxte, El Peten, Guatemala, by Jay K. Johnson Topoxte, Macanche, and the Central Peten Postclassic, by Prudence M. Rice and Don S. Rice Postclassic Peten Interaction Spheres: The View from Tayasal, by Arlen F. Chas postclassic — adjective see postclassical New Collegiate Dictionary. A Postclassic Maya mass grave from Zacpete´n, Guatemala William N. Duncan1, Kevin R. Schwarz2 1East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee, 2ASC Group, Inc., Columbus, Ohio Here we present a bioarchaeological analysis of a Postclassic (ca. A.D. 950-1524) Maya mass grave from the site of Zacpete´n in northern Guatemala the Maya peoples from patrilineages to the mixed system of bilateral and patrilineal kinship characteristic of the Spanish, or even to straight bilaterality .This cannot be altogether ascribed to Spanish influence, since the Mexica were also bilateral and were an important influence on the Maya during the Postclassic In our final animated historical documentary on the Maya civilization we describe the reasons for its collapse, covering the societal, political, environment..

Postclassic Maya [electronic resource] : NY54. Publication: New Haven, Conn. : Human Relations Area Files, 2001-Series: eHRAF archaeology. Middle America and the Caribbean eHRAF archaeology. Middle America and the Caribbean Format/Description: Website/Database Subjects: Mayas. Indians of Mexico. Indians of Central America. Mexico -- Antiquities Preface Introduction Postclassic Temporal and Spatial Frames for the Lowland Maya: A Background, by Arlen F. Chase and Diane Z. Chase The Northern Lowlands The Postclassic Sequence of Tancah and Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico, by Arthur G. Miller Littoral-Marine Economy at Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico, by Alfredo Barrera Rubio Chichen Itza and Coba: An Itza-Maya Standoff in Early Postclassic. the Classic Maya period (Houston and Stuart 1996; Taube 1992:8) or to Postclassic Yucatan and central Mexico (Taube 1992). Re garding the Postclassic situation, the ethnohistoric literature sup ports the presence of supernatural figures conceptualized as deities in both the Basin of Mexico (see Sahagún 1950-1982:11) and th Willey presents an overview of the Maya Lowlands based on the information known in 1981. His overview begins with the 'collapse' of the Maya in the Terminal Classic Period and extends to the end of the Postclassic Period. His overview mostly focuses on the location of the various large sites during this time and whether any large monuments were being constructed This article contributes to the discussion of literacy in colonial Mesoamerica by providing a historical perspective concerning scribal practices in the pre-Hispanic Maya regionp

•During the Late Postclassic, Maya potters may have specialized by form as suggested by different pastes associated with different vessel forms. •Taking all pastes together, there is less variation at and near the main center of Mayapán than at Culubá, located close to the West-East boundary. •Future work will examine differences in. I know you guys were expecting Postclassic Maya outfits. But, I decided to do six Aztec outfits for the moment. I will be switching between Yucatan and Aztec. Note: these six outfits are only a fraction of the whole Aztec fashion set (which I will get into later). Anyway, this outfit represent what a Aztec woman commoner would wear The Resilience and Vulnerability of Ancient Landscapes: Transforming Maya Archaeology through IHOPE, AP3A Paper 24(1), pp. 1-10, American Anthropological Association, Arlington, VA. Chase, Diane Z. 1981 The Maya Postclassic at Santa Rita Corozal, Archaeology 34(1):25-33 In incorporating a feminist perspective to the analysis of inter-regional relations, this paper examines Maya women's roles in cosmopolitan encounters during the Late Classic to Postclassic periods (ca. 600-1521 CE) with a particular focus on merchant women, clothing as a statement of belonging in a larger world, and the adoption of new. List the year each period began and ended: (a) Olmec (b) Formative or Preclassic Maya (c) Classic Maya (d) Postclassic Maya Answer: 2. Describe the social structure that developed in the Olmec civilization and how they depended on each other

The research is part of the Maya Archaeometallurgy Project (MAP), which began at Lamanai in 1999 (Simmons, 1999). One of the principal goals of the project is to examine the organizational structure of ancient Maya metallurgy and the roles metal objects played in Postclassic and Spanish Colonial Period Maya society At the Maya Lowland Postclassic site of Laguna de On, Belize, evidence suggests that animal resources were used differently in various social and functional contexts across the site. Large game animals and selected small taxon are more commonly associated with upper status residential or ritual contexts than with lower status residential zones The six examples of Maya books discovered in excavations date to the Early Classic (Uaxactún and Altun Ha), Late Classic (Nebaj, Copán), and Early Postclassic (San Agustin Acasaguastlán) periods and, unfortunately, all have been changed by the pressure and humidity in the ground during their many years in the ground, eliminating the organic. Citation. The Lowland Maya Postclassic. Hispanic American Historical Revie

postclassic: translation = postclassical; a який відноситься до періоду після класицизму ( про літературу, мистецтво In regards to miniature masonry shrines, the presence of stone phalli set erect in front of shrines at Tulum and a number of other Late Postclassic Maya sites (concentrated in northern Yucatan. Hence, the Yucatec Maya of the postclassic period were living in the fourth world age. a postclassic and colonial Yucatec conception of a demolition and creation of three world ages The Postclassic Maya civilization was marked by as much volatility as that of earlier years, most likely due to the political infighting and ecological problems At that time the Postclassic Mayan Period had begun. During the Postclassic Period Mayans preferred to write their knowledge on buckskin or bark rather.

Postclassic Period Maya Village Discovered in Mexico In between the Mangroves and the Forest, experts from the Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) documented the Post-Classic Mayan Pre-Hispanic Settlement (1200-1546 AD), which represents the first of that era detected in the locality on the eastern coast of the Yucatan peninsula Archaeologists and historians divide Maya history into various eras, including the Classic and Post-Classic periods. The Classic period was from 200 to 900 AD, while the Post-Classic period lasted from 900 AD until the Spanish Conquest. The Classic period is considered by many to be the height of Maya civilization, while the Post-Classic period [

Maya Postclassic State Formation: Segmentary Lineage Migration in Advancing Frontiers. John W. Fox Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. 310 pp. $44.50 (Cloth) ISBN 0‐521‐32110‐ Maya Postclassic State Formation: Segmentary Lineage Migration in Advancing Frontiers. JOHN W. FOX WILLEY, GORDON R. 1989-11-01 00:00:00 GORDON R. WILLEY Harvard University A broad generalization with which I think most Mesoamerican archaeologists and historically oriented ethnologists would agree i s that in the later Precolumbian centuries. Kan: Postclassic Maya Archaeology at Laguna de On, Belize. University of Colorado Press, Boulder The transformation of lowland Maya society during the Postclassic period (A.D. 1000-1500) culminated in the development of an affluent and stable coastal and agrarian network of polities that were integrated into a broad scale mercantile society eHRAF Archaeology includes entire tradition sequences for regions and subregions. For example, in Mesoamerica you can find the Maya sequence including Lowland Mesoamerican Archaic, Preclassic Maya, Classic Maya, and Postclassic Maya SOME POSTCLASSIC QUESTIONS ABOUT THE CLASSIC MAYA Munro S. EDMONSON Tulane University The Postclassic and Colonial texts of the Books of Chilam Balam tell us very little, or so I believe, about the Classic Maya directly. And that little, though very precious, is confined to brief passages in the first three Chronicles, and may have been.

Abstract Located in northern Belize, the ancient Maya site of Ka'kabish had a long occupational history spanning the Middle Formative period (800-600 BC) into the Postclassic period (900-1500 AD). Excavations at Ka'kabish revealed eight plazas and courtyards, the largest plaza being Group D. To the south of Group D were several chultuns, or subterranean chambers, whic The Lowland Maya Postclassic, University of Texas Press, Austin. [ Links ] Clendinnen I 1987. Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517-1570, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [ Links ] Coplen TB 1994. Reporting of stable hydrogen, carbon and oxigen isotopes abundances. Pure and Applied Chem 66: 271-276

Postclassic Maya Kilt by Kamazotz on DeviantArtMesoamerican Fashion - DParadaArt | Vestimenta mayaAncient Maya Art stock image

Boston University Libraries. Services . Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . Social. Mai The prevailing view of the lowland Maya during the Postclassic period (A.D. 1050-1500) has been one of an impoverished, degenerated society devoid of cultural accomplishment. However, Marilyn A. Masson offers a fresh interpretation of this society as one that represented a complex, sophisticated, extensive organization of semiautonomous units. Postclassic Maya of Chunchuchu Jul 13, 2018 - Continuing on with my Mesoamerican fashion series. This is from the late Postclassic period as the title says (1450-1540's) THE POSTCLASSIC INTERNATIONAL STYLE The Postclassic international style is distinct fl-om earlier Classic styles (e.g., at Teotih~lncan, Monte Xll>,in, or among the Maya) and the Epiclassic and Postclnscic Maya styles of the Chichcn Itzi murals and the Maya codices. Its stiff lines and stocky proportions, for exam The Maya collapse, formerly seen as having caused an almost total void in the Southern Lowlands, is largely disavowed through the archaeological information presented. These studies emphasize the vibrant and changing quality of Postclassic Maya society prior to the onset of Spanish domination Postclassic Maya of Yucatan Noblewoman Apr 29, 2018 - This is the last one in the female set for the Yucatán. After this I'll start working on the male outfits of this region

  • Spider solitaire online žena.
  • Plank efekt.
  • Java static method.
  • Kyselina močová v krvi v těhotenství.
  • Návod mikrovlnná trouba samsung.
  • Sušené kozí mléko pro děti.
  • Katalog moto honda.
  • Pánské mokasíny baťa.
  • Čd liberec volná místa.
  • Panenka chou chou vypsana fixa.
  • Alfred strejček hlas.
  • Masivní šatní skříně.
  • Hra o trůny s07e07.
  • Dětský den u hrocha.
  • Www mountfield cz akce.
  • Zákon přitažlivosti partner.
  • Zelva cinska.
  • Hoover telios plus te70_te75011 test.
  • Logitech webcam c930e.
  • Ford mustang 2005 dimensions.
  • Hydraulický válec 20t.
  • Nejdražší alkohol.
  • Nástěnné světlo na wc.
  • Válečné dokumenty online.
  • Hurikán na floridě.
  • Co se stalo v roce 1979.
  • Zubní klinika plzeň.
  • Hodnosti kriminální policie.
  • Palindrom jméno.
  • Jak vydržet nejíst ana.
  • Gravitační síla příklady.
  • Jehněčí maso recepty.
  • Bernský salašnický pes blansko.
  • Jak zmrazit lilek.
  • Komáři nemoci.
  • Rekreační objekt definice.
  • Pc at.
  • Pepco eshop.
  • Barevné značení vodičů anglicky.
  • Frida restaurace.
  • Union pojišťovna.